Paragliders can fly at very low speeds without stalling (around 15 to 20 mph) which allows unique sampling of the air by a human pilot. Imagine being able to ask a balloon to stop at a certain height, sample a cross section, spiral back to the ground, then ascend just above the cold pool and take pictures before returning to the launch location.
A powered paraglider is also unique because of the small space required to take off. This allows us to deploy the glider quickly and with few resources from any number of locations within the Salt Lake Valley. Of course, most first prototypes suffer in the glamor department but this is what we ended up with (sonde mounted on helmet):
The first flight attempt yielded no problems and good quality data. Chris flew for around 40 minutes completing cross sections out to the lake's edge, then back over I-80. Each transect was 100 meters higher than the last until finally the glider was above the Cold Air Pool, where he was met with a 20 knot south wind. We communicated by texting via iPhone and two-way radio. Chris was able to snap a few photos along the way to document the flight in a little more detail.
Looking south over Saltair from 350 meters AGL.
Initial analysis of the observations showed that within 150m starting at 250m AGL, temperatures increased just over 9C, which validated well with nearby balloon launches. And where a regular sonde only samples a single vertical profile with few observations in a shallow Cold Air Pool, we were able to maintain flight within the inversion and gather considerably more data.
Our thanks to Chris Santacroce for helping design a working prototype. Chris is a talented pilot and co-creator of the Red Bull Airforce team. We are extremely lucky to have his skills and time donated for PCAPS and we hope to deploy many more glider flights throughout the project.